Captain James Cook 1728-1779
Captain James Cook almost certainly visited Hinchingbrooke in 1771 when
he was just about to set out on his second Pacific voyage. The Fourth
Earl of Sandwich was one of Cook's greatest sponsors and the names of
Hinchingbrooke, nearby Brampton and Sandwich were given to islands in
the south seas in recognition.
What evidence is there for Cook's visit
Ian Boreham is Editor of the Captain
In N.A.M. Rodger's book “The Insatiable Earl,
A life of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich" (Harper Collins,
1993) it says on page 121:
that Sandwich “became a friend and supporter of the musical
scholar and historian Charles Burney... Dr Burney's son James joined
the Navy: in 1771 they were both invited to Hinchingbrooke to meet
Captain Cook, then just about to set out on his second Pacific voyage.”
|In John Lawrence Abbott's book “John Hawkesworth:
Eighteenth-century man of letters” (University of Wisconsin
Press, 1982) it says on page 144:
that Burney recommended Hawkesworth to Sandwich to compile a book
about various captain's voyages. “Hawkesworth immediately
applied whatever pressure he could. On September 18, 1771, he wrote
to Burney in great eagerness and some fear that such an opportunity
might be missed... The exact date of settlement is not known, but
it must have been during September 1771... Hawkesworth [wrote] to
Burney on October 6, 1771, from Bromley, Kent 'I am going to spend
a week at Lord Sandwich's at Hinchinbrook next week'.”
|In Michelle Hetherington's article
“John Hamilton Mortimer and the discovery of Captain Cook”
(The British Art Journal, 2003, vol. IV, no. 1, pp 69 –77) it
is argued that Sandwich commissioned Mortimer to produce a group painting
in 1771 and that the subjects are, from left to right, Daniel Solander,
Joseph Banks, James Cook, John Hawkesworth and Lord Sandwich.
She believes that all five men were together at Sandwich’s Hichinbrooke
House in September 1771 following the return of the voyagers from
the South Seas in June, and before Hawkesworth was formally given
the commission to edit the voyages
Cook's brilliance as a successful commander and explorer - especially
of the south seas - was based on great map-making skills, using limes
and fruit (others claim it was sauerkraut) to defeat scurvy, and using
accurate time-pieces.It is said he never lost a man to scurvy in all his
Unlike earlier European explorers, Cook did not set out to conquer the
places he visited, nor convert them to Christianity. He recorded their
accurate position and drew highly accurate maps. In this century NASA
named a space shuttle after Cook's ship Endeavour in recognition of its
importance in the history of science.
In addition one of Cook's sons was at Cambridge University and his wife's
remains are buried in Cambridge - a mere 12 miles away from Hinchingbrooke.
A memorial tablet, extracts from which are given below, is in the church
of St Andrew the Great in Cambridge.
an atlas look for references in the South Pacific including New
Zealand and the west coast of Australia for references to Sandwich,
Hinchingbrooke and Brampton.
would Cook name new territories in this way? How many places are
named after Cook himself?